Thyroid cancer

Good chances of recovery

The thyroid hormones play a central role in our metabolism. If the thyroid gland is affected by cancer, this unfortunately only becomes apparent at a late stage. You should therefore react quickly if your thyroid gland expands in a short period of time or if lymph nodes in your neck are swollen.

We have specialised consultants and therapists at Schoen Clinic. They offer the best possible treatment for thyroid cancer.

Causes & symptoms

What is thyroid cancer?

The thyroid gland is located on the front of the neck under the larynx and in front of the trachea and oesophagus. A normal-sized thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped and consists of two lobes joined together. The parathyroid glands are located at the back. 

More than 90 per cent of thyroid cancer diseases originate from thyroid cells, which are responsible for the production of thyroid hormone. They are relatively benign. Malignant neoplasms in the thyroid gland have increased significantly in recent years.

Thyroid cancer – causes: How does the disease develop?

The only really well-documented risk factor is radiation exposure from the outside (radiation therapy in the neck/head area, nuclear reactor accident) or from the inside (intake of radioactive substances with food). 

Patients with widespread polyp formation in the family are slightly more likely to develop thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer – symptoms: frequent symptoms

Unfortunately, there are no typical early symptoms of thyroid cancer. Blood tests also give hardly any indication. However, you should be aware of newly appearing or growing lumps, sudden hoarseness and lymph node enlargement in the neck area. This applies, in particular, to children, adolescents and older patients.

Diagnostics

Thyroid cancer – diagnosis: How we diagnose a disease

In the course of the physical examination, we assess the consistency of the nodes and their displacement on swallowing. We also search for enlarged lymph nodes by means of palpation. Ultrasound examination provides decisive information: Echo poverty, blurred outline as well as calcium deposits make a lump appear suspicious. A conspicuous, scintigraphically cold node should then be punctured in all cases, i.e. we take cells for a microscopic examination. This is done with a fine needle and causes hardly any pain (fine needle aspiration cytology, FNAC). In the event of an unremarkable finding, you can sit back calmly for the time being. However, if the lump grows or its image changes during an ultrasound control examination, it must be punctured again.