Shoulder instability

Regaining a stable shoulder

What should be done if the shoulder is dislocated (luxated) in an accident? What if there is chronic shoulder instability?

Our specialists specialise in treating shoulder diseases and injuries and attach great importance to a precise diagnosis and individual treatment.

Causes & symptoms

What do we understand by shoulder instability?

The shoulder is the most flexible joint in our body. It consists of the humeral head and the socket. The shoulder joint is only secured minimally with bones – in contrast to the knee or hip. This gives it great freedom of movement, but it also means low stability. In contrast to other large joints, the shoulder joint is guided by soft tissue. Tendons, ligaments and muscles are important for providing stability.


Diagnosis: This is how shoulder instability is determined

The clinical examination and the medical history are the first step in your therapy. It gives us initial information about the extent and direction of your shoulder instability. 

We can diagnose a bony injury to your humeral head and socket with an X-ray. In order to rule out further damage to capsules or ligaments, we perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans of your shoulder. CT is particularly important for patients who repeatedly suffer from a dislocated shoulder. A large amount of bone tissue is often missing, which contributes to the stability of the joint.