Anorexia

Being able to accept your own body

Mental problems manifest in completely different ways. Some withdraw, others become aggressive, and more than a few develop an eating disorder. Risky behaviour before onset of the disease generally entails a diet, which may be started for a variety of reasons. These can be beauty standards, food intolerances or eating less due to stress. A loss of control slowly creeps in, which develops into anorexia. Adolescent girls and young women are predominantly affected by this.

The loss of control in losing weight is associated with a high level of distress, loneliness and pain. You see anorexia as a serious illness and seek medical and therapeutic help. We at Schön Klinik will support you in the process of recognising the perpetuating conditions of your eating disorder so that you can handle it yourself with care. Because when you value yourself as a person, you can accept your body more easily and do what’s good for it.

Causes & symptoms

Anorexia - a life of loneliness

Anorexia means loneliness, first and foremost. Confusion that you see yourself so differently than the people around you. No matter how often others tell you: ‘You’re way too thin,’ it doesn’t bother you. This “distorted” body image often leads to panic, to abstaining from eating, regular dieting or the compulsion to constantly exercise. But even that isn’t soothing anymore.

It then becomes dangerous when the body goes undernourished for too long.
The consequences are symptoms of deficiency such as hair loss, constant fatigue, difficulty concentrating, changes in blood cell count and often even depression. The fear of losing control over your own body becomes overwhelming and defines your entire life – from breakfast to dinner.

Do you recognise yourself? Then do something, before the illness gets worse and becomes chronic.

Risk factors and triggers: How does anorexia develop?

There are no individual causes for anorexia. It’s always a mixture of several factors.

Biological factors: There are reliable indicators that the predisposition for anorexia may be hereditary. There is also the possibility that some patients have a dysfunction in the region of the brain responsible for controlling eating behaviour.

Psychological factors: A fragile sense of self-esteem, a feeling of being overloaded and mental stress can be risk factors. The erroneous idea that at least you can control your own body can lead to dangerous false conclusions. Victims of abuse are especially vulnerable to this.

Societal factors: The beauty standards propagated in the media have
little to do with reality. Many people are dazzled by artificial role models and think they need to look exactly like that in order to belong to a group.

Domestic factors: Immediate environment can also play a huge perpetuating or triggering role. Dealing with disappointment, frustration or issues of proximity and distance can be relevant.

Symptoms: How to recognise anorexia

The first symptoms of anorexia include constant occupation with weight. Do you weigh yourself all the time, talk about losing weight constantly or regularly refuse food that you need? If this is the case and you recognise one of the following warning signs, it is recommended that you seek medical help.

The most important warning signs:

  • Abandoning regular meal times
  • Vomiting after eating (bulimia)
  • Significant weight loss
  • Constant criticism of your own body
  • Long-term difficulty concentrating
  • Noticeable hair loss, dry skin
  • Sensitivity to cold, always freezing
  • Missing menstrual periods, reduced virility

Diagnostics