High blood pressure

We’ll help you lower your blood pressure

Around 10 to 20 per cent of the German population have high blood pressure. Permanently raised blood pressure can cause perfusion problems that can lead to a stroke or heart attack. This secondary damage occurs regardless of the cause of the high blood pressure. Put simply, it causes premature ageing of the vessels with corresponding organ damage.

Our consultants at the Schoen Clinic specialise in diseases of the heart, blood and vascular system. Thanks to our experience, we are able to successfully treat your high blood pressure. 

Causes & symptoms

What is high blood pressure?

According to the criteria set down by the World Health Organisation, an increase of blood pressure values above 140/90 mmHg is classed as arterial hypertension (high blood pressure). 

High blood pressure is categorised as follows: 

  • Mild (up to 159/99 mmHg) 
  • Moderate (up to 179/109 mmHg) 
  • Severe (higher than 180/120 mmHg). 

High blood pressure: Contributing causes

As we age, the likelihood of developing arterial hypertension increases. 

The supply to your organs is related to your blood pressure, the volume of blood in your body and its composition, as well as the condition of your vessels. Blood pressure is a dynamic parameter, and adapts directly to your lifestyle. It is subject to natural fluctuations: under stress, our blood pressure goes up. At rest, especially before we go to sleep, it goes down significantly.


A distinction is made between 

  • Primary (essential) hypertension (the most common form, usually with a family history, develops between the ages of 30 and 50)
  • Secondary arterial hypertension (common causes: problems with kidney function, problems with hormone levels, sleep-related breathing disturbances)

High blood pressure symptoms: common signs

Often, arterial hypertension does not cause any symptoms for a long period of time. High and very high blood pressure levels can be associated with headaches, a feeling of pressure in the head and nosebleeds. 

Diagnostics

Diagnosis: how hypertension is detected

In a detailed consultation with you, we take a close look at your personal previous medical history as well as any conditions that affect your family. After a physical examination, we also carry out 24-hour blood pressure monitoring. In some cases, further investigations are performed. This may be of your eyes, your heart, your kidneys and the major vessels in your body. Hormone tests may also be done.