Diseases of the nose

Breathe freely again

We inhale several thousand litres of air every day. Our nose moistens the inhaled air and traps dirt particles as well as pathogens. If the nose is ill, it can no longer perform these important functions.

Our ENT specialists effectively treat all problems of the nose, sinuses and snoring. Highest medical standards and the latest treatment methods guarantee you the best possible treatment results.

Causes & symptoms

What diseases of the nose are there?

The most frequent diseases of the nose include sinusitis, allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and nasal polyps, as well as difficulty in nasal breathing. At Schoen Clinic, we mainly treat the correction of nasal breathing disorders including paranasal sinus diseases.

Chronic nasal breathing problems caused by a deviated septum or thickening of the nasal conchae can lead to rhinitis or sinusitis. This often results in ventilation problems and germs in the paranasal sinuses – the mucus cannot flow away, nasal breathing is impaired and chronic sinusitis can develop. If this is not treated, further symptoms with increased mucus flow, dry mouth breathing and diseases of the bronchial system may occur. In asthma patients, the asthma problem may worsen or sinobronchial syndrome may develop.

Sequelae
Ventilation disorders and obstructed mucus drainage lead to chronic mouth breathing in many patients. As the air is not moistened and warmed by the nasal mucous membranes due to the blockage, sore throats, irritable coughs and hoarseness can result. The mucus often runs down the pharyngeal mucosa to the larynx and leads to a droplet infection in the lungs. This leads to an escalation with infections of the bronchi, lung irritation and even pneumonia (sinobronchial syndrome).

Causes: how diseases of the nose occur

The causes of nasal diseases include a deviated septum, swollen nasal conchae, enlargement of the nasal conchae, polyps, chronic inflammatory rhinitis and, rarely, tumours. The cause of swollen nasal conchae is usually a neurosensory reflex disorder itself or it is caused externally by allergens that lead to inflammatory swelling of the nasal conchae. Due to the swelling of the nasal mucous membranes, the narrow openings of the paranasal sinuses are also affected and swell. The consequences are headaches, olfactory disturbances, watery eyes and inflammations in the paranasal sinuses. The consequence: chronic ventilation disorder and impaired mucus drainage.

Tumours in the nose and paranasal sinuses are rare causes of difficulty in nasal breathing. 

Frequent symptoms of diseases of the nose

The most noticeable symptoms are difficulty in nasal breathing with dry mouth breathing and loud snoring, reduced smell, a constantly running nose, fatigue and tiredness. Many people also suffer from night-time pauses in breathing, which are exacerbated by nasal breathing problems. As a result, the immune system is often strained and there is an increased susceptibility to infection.

With sinusitis, headaches and feelings of pressure on the eyes, forehead or cheeks can occur. The ability to smell and taste is often limited.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis: How we diagnose diseases of the nose

A detailed conversation takes place with you at the beginning of the diagnosis because every problem with the nose, the paranasal sinuses or snoring has its own history.
Afterwards, we examine you in our ENT outpatient clinic. Different methods are used, depending on the described symptoms and possible previous illnesses.

This includes:
  • Clinical endoscopic examination
  • Nasal respiration/nasal flow rhinomanometry
  • X-Ray/CT NNH
  • Smell test 
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Sleep study with polygraphy
If your ENT doctor has already performed a CT or digital volume tomography (DVT), you are welcome to bring the results with you.

We finally develop an individual treatment concept based on an exact diagnosis.
In the case of malignant diseases, we work closely together with oncologists, radiologists and radiation therapists in our clinic as part of conferences (Tumorboard) in order to develop the ideal treatment.