Through modern treatment, you can actively practise sports againExtreme stress during sports or degeneration due to old age – sometimes, your knee joint will no longer be able to take the strain. Even an incorrect movement can cause meniscus damage. It often suddenly occurs after a rotational movement or fall.
For your meniscus damage, you’ll be in safe hands at Schoen Clinic. Our knee experts have years of experience in treating meniscus damages, as well as a range of treatments tailored to your specific symptoms, combined with the very latest in medical knowledge.
Causes & symptoms
Meniscus – the shock absorber in your kneeYour knee has two disc-shaped joint cartilage masses between the thigh bone and shin bone: the menisci. There is an internal and external meniscus. The base of your menisci is fused with your knee joint capsule. Both menisci absorb the pressures and strains placed on your knee and distribute them evenly. This prevents excessive strains and stabilises your joint.
Causes: how meniscus damage occurs
Excessive strains are placed on your knee joint each day. Some can be so great that your menisci can no longer buffer them. This results in meniscus damage (meniscus lesion).
Everyday stresses can be responsible for damages to your meniscus. Our experts refer to this as degenerative meniscus damage. If the damage is due to an accident, this is called traumatic meniscus damage.
Degenerative meniscus damage is a wear disorder stemming from long-term excessive stress on your knee joint. Small gaps or tears in the meniscus cartilage expand slowly, especially if your tissue has lost elasticity over the years.
You may suffer from traumatic meniscus damage (meniscus tear) after a sports accident, for example. When a severe rotation of your knee joint is followed by a sudden pause in movement, this can tear your meniscus.
Initial measures for a suspected meniscus tear
We recommend following the so-called RICE rule to prevent further damages to your knee joint:
- Rest: stop putting weight on your knee joint as quickly as possible.
- Ice: cool the knee to combat swelling and inflammation of the joint.
- Compression and Elevation: apply a compression bandage and keep your leg raised. With these measures, you can slow down the swelling of the knee joint.
In addition, you should be examined by a doctor as soon as possible. Our specialists at Schön Klinik have years of experience in handling knee injuries and can work with you to find a suitable treatment.