For much better quality of lifeThe transplanting of one or both lungs is often the last treatment option for advanced terminal lung disease. In Germany, this requires the availability of an organ from an organ donor, with approximately 300 such procedures being performed at designated transplant centres each year.
At Schoen Clinic, we first prepare you optimally for the procedure. You will remain in the best of hands, even after the transplant has been performed. It is not without reason that we are the European leader in lung transplant rehab.
Causes & symptoms
Causes: Diseases that damage the lungsThe following diseases can make a lung transplant necessary:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- Cystic fibrosis
- Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Congenital heart defects (Eisenmenger’s syndrome)
- Langerhans cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X)
- Re-transplantation, for example with bronchiolitis obliterans
Diagnosis: When is a lung transplant necessary?A lung transplant must be performed if, in the event of a terminal lung disease, all treatment options including rehabilitation have been exhausted and the state of health cannot be stabilised. Prerequisite: According to the experts, the assumed life expectancy of the patient is clearly limited.
Limits of lung transplantsChoosing the time of transplantation is a difficult decision. There is also uncertainty regarding when organs will become available.
Current, serious infections as well as severe concomitant diseases (e.g. of the heart) speak against a lung transplant. Malignant tumours, which were treated successfully less than two or five years ago, depending on the type, also rule out a transplant. Severe diseases of the other vital organs such as the kidneys, liver or heart can also make a lung transplant impossible in individual cases. Continued smoking, the use of drugs or alcohol or the presence of highly resistant pathogens also speak against this.