ADHD children (attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder)

Fewer everyday conflicts

For a child who does not "function" in school or at home, the diagnosis of "ADHD" is often prematurely applied. Their difficulties may however simply represent normal child development. To be sure whether ADHD, a neurological condition, is actually present, the condition must be diagnosed properly by a specialist.

Is your child easily distracted, does he or she struggle to concentrate on a single task for a long time, are they disorganised and unstructured? Our specialists at Schoen Clinic have many years of experience in diagnosing and treating ADHD. Through our multi-modal therapy, we help children and their families achieve more normality in their everyday lives.

Causes & symptoms

ADHD children - Causes: How does this condition develop?

ADHD can be genetic. Sometimes, the condition can also be down to environmental factors. These include complications during pregnancy and birth, a low birth weight, infections, alcohol or nicotine misuse during pregnancy, diseases of the central nervous system and adverse psychosocial conditions.


Boys are three times more likely to be affected by ADHD than girls.

ADHD: Symptoms in children

The condition has three core symptoms, the severity of which can vary considerably:
  • Poor attentio
  • Extreme restlessness (hyperactivity)
  • Impulsivity
Children with poor attention are unable to concentrate or focus on one task for a long period of time. They are easily distracted, disorganised and very forgetful. However their attention span is very much dependent on their level of interest: if the child is excited or captivated by something, they will be able to concentrate on it extremely well.

Hyperactive children are essentially very restless and cannot stay still. They are always on the move. Since they are constantly tapping with their hands and feet or spinning around on chairs, the condition is also known as Zappelphilipp Syndrome.
In terms of conversation, they talk incessantly.

Impulsive children are unable to control their impulses: They find it hard to wait until it is "their turn", and therefore they often butt into conversations or answer before the question has even been asked properly. They talk without thinking, and their speech is usually rapid and incessant. They are unreliable at finishing tasks.

Diagnostics

ADHD children - Diagnosis: How we diagnose the disorder

The fact that a child is fidgety or inattentive does not mean that they have ADHD. To establish a reliable diagnosis, our specialists at Schoen Clinic therefore gather information from all aspects of your child's life. It is also important, as part of this process, to rule out other conditions.

Conversation with the parents

During a comprehensive discussion with you, we first want to find out more about your child's situation at home, the background to their condition and where relevant any other cases of ADHD in your family.

Physical examination

During the clinical examination, we will also check your child's physical development and sensory organs. If necessary, we may also measure their brain activity (EEG) and heart rhythm (ECG) or carry out some blood tests.

Other tests

Psychological tests also help us to confirm the diagnosis. These include intelligence and attention tests, or standardised tests for verifying academic ability.
Parents, teachers, educators and where relevant the child him or herself will also be given special ADHD questionnaires in order to document any unusual behaviour in detail.